中国人民革命战争时期邮票_艺术家资讯_雅昌新闻

三、解放战争时期(19451950)

  二、抗日战争时期(19371945)

Part A. The Period of Liberation War (1945-1950)

  Part B. The Period of Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945)

1946年,中国政局发生翻天覆地的变化,中国共产党领导中国人民转入全国解放战争。晋绥边区邮政管理局于1946年成立,同年发行第一套邮票《邮资单位票》。陕甘宁边区邮政管理局也于1946年4月23日开始发行邮票。为适应人民解放军机动作战需要,各解放区邮政迅速抽调大批德才兼备的邮政骨干,组建随军邮局,一切为了前线,部队打到哪里,邮政就通到哪里。1948年后,随着解放战争的胜利发展,解放区不断扩大,并逐渐连成一片。在1949年10月1日中华人民共和国成立前夕,西北、华北、华东、东北、中原、华中等解放区邮政(或邮电)管理局先后成立,并以老解放区邮政为基础,接管了新解放区的中华邮政,发行全区通用邮票,为中华人民共和国的成立和统一全国邮政准备了条件。中华人民共和国成立不久,华南、西南各地区亦全部解放。在解放战争进行过程中,这些新解放区发行的人民邮政邮票目前多数集邮家认为亦属于解放区邮票。

  1937年7月7日,抗日战争全面爆发。中国共产党领导的抗日根据地和不断扩大的解放区相继建立抗日民主政权,并创办抗日邮政或战时邮政,主要任务是为党政军通信联络服务,发行报刊,进行抗日宣传,并根据各地区的条件收寄民众的信件。

During 1946, Chinas politics has witnessed earth-shaking changes, the
Communist Party of China (CPC) leads the people into the war of
liberation. Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area
was set up in 1946, and its first set of stamps Postage in Unit was
issued in the same year. Postal Service Administration of
Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area also began to issue stamps on Apr. 23,

  Anti-Japanese war took place on 7th July 1937. Anti-Japanese
democracy regime was built up in Anti-Japanese bases leading by China
Communist Party (CCP) and increasing liberated areas, anti-Japanese Post
and War-time Post were also set up, whose main tasks were providing
communication service for CCP-Government-Military, issuing newspaper,
propagandizing anti-Japanese thinking and civil letter communications.

  1. In order to adapt to the need of mobile warfare of the Peoples
    Liberation Army (PLA), postal bureaus of liberated areas chose a large
    number of backbone with talents and virtue, and established military
    post offices, All for the font, wherever the army was, wherever the post
    was. After 1948, with the victory of the war of liberation, liberated
    areas extended continuously and joined together gradually. In 1949, on
    the eve of the founding of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) on Oct.1,
    postal bureau (or posts and telecommunications bureau) set up
    successively in liberated areas of Northwest China, North China, East
    China, Northeast China, the Central Plains and Central China. Chinese
    Post Service in new liberated areas was taken over and stamps for the
    areas were issued, which led to the founding of the PRC and nationwide
    unification of post. Shortly after the founding of the PRC, Southwest
    China and South China were all liberated. The stamps issued in these
    liberated areas during the war of liberation are also considered to be
    part of stamps of liberated areas.

  1937年11月,华北晋察冀边区建立临时邮政总局,12月发行了抗日根据地第一套邮票《半白日图》(While
Half Sun Issue)
1分和5分两种。1938年9月又发行一套《抗战军人纪念邮票》(Soldier of War
Against Japanese
Aggression),无面值,供军人免费寄信用。这也是解放区邮票中第一套纪念邮票。此外,晋冀鲁豫边区交通总局、山东战时邮务总局以及苏中区、淮南区、盐阜区等邮政机构陆续发行邮票。如:山东清河区战时邮局于1940年10月发行了《清河战时邮票》(Qinghe
War-Time
Stamps);1944年3月山东战时邮务总局率先在抗日根据地发行毛泽东像邮票;淮南交通总站于1942年底开始发行印有平(挂号信)(Registered
letter)、机(机密)(confidential letter)、快(机密快件) (confidential
express letter)字样的无面值邮票,
1943年初又增发稿字(报刊通讯员专用)(specially used for news
release)和私字(私人信件)(personal letter)邮票,其中稿字邮票为世界珍邮。

(一)华北区

  1941年至1943年,日寇疯狂地对抗日根据地进行残酷扫荡,仅冀中区就被分割成2670个小块,但始终也未能割断四通八达的战时交通网。许多根据地邮政人员不顾生命安危,通过半公开交通、秘密交通和武装交通三种方式传递党政军的档、书信、报刊和寄递人民群众的信件。

North China Area

  In November, 1937 the provisional postal administration was set up
in Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base of north China, in December
the first set stamp White Half Sun was issued with 1 fen and 5 fen
denominations. Another set of Soldier of War Against Japanese
Aggressionstamp was issued in September 1938, without denomination for
military soldiers free use. This is the first set of commemorative stamp
of liberated areas. Furthermore, stamps were issued in succession in
Shanxi-Hebei-Shandong-Henan general communication bureau, Shandong
war-time postal administration and the postal service in Fenral Jiangsu,
Huainan and Yanfu areas etc. For example, War-time postal administration
in Qinghe district of Shandong province issued Qinghe War-time Stamps in
October 1940; Shandong war-time general postal administration firstly
issued Mao Zedong portrait stampsin anti-Japanese base areas; Huainan
communication bureau issued stamps without denomination on which
registered letter, confidential letterorconfidential express letterwere
printed in end of 1942, as well stamps used for specially used for news
release and personal letterwere issued in beginning of 1943. Stamp
forspecially used for news releasewas one of treasure stamps worldwide.

1.晋察冀边区抗战胜利纪念邮票第一次加盖暂作改值邮票

  Japan military carried out cruel aggressions against anti-Japanese
base areas from 1941 to 1943, up to 2670 small grids was divided in
Fenral Hebei area, however the war-time communication nets survived and
still worked. Lots of post stuff regardless of personal safety kept
delivering CCP-Government-Military letters, documents and newspaper and
civil letters via of half-public, confidential and armed communication
ways.

The First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on
Victory of War Against Japanese Aggression Stamps of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei
Border Area

  为了实现统一战线,沟通国民党统治区与解放区的邮政联系,中共中央向国民党政府提出互相通邮的建议。1938年春,陕甘宁边区政府同意将边区邮政机构并人中华邮政管理体系。同年5月,成立边区通讯站。1941年底,中华邮政总局第三军邮总视察林卓午乘邮车到延安,就国共双方互相通邮事宜进行协商,受到毛泽东、周恩来的接见和款待。

1946年6月,国民党政府发动全面内战,大举进攻解放区。10月10日我军奉命撤出张家口,边区邮政管理局亦随军撤至曲阳县齐古庄。

  With aim to realize anti-Japanese national united front and strength
communications between the Kuomintang (KMT) areas and liberated areas,
CCP proposed post mutual communication with KMT government.
Shan-Gan-Ning liberated area government agreed to merge liberated post
to Chinese post service in beginning of 1938 and border area
communication station was set up in May of same year. Head supervisor of
third military post of Chinese Post Service, Lin Zhuowu, visited Yanan
by post vehicle, had negotiations for issue of mutual post communication
between CCP and KMT, got warm reception by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai.

In Jun. 1946, Kuomintang government launched a all-sided civil war and
aggressively attacked the liberated areas. On Oct. 10, our army was
ordered to withdraw from Zhangjiakou, therewith, Postal Service
Administration of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area also retreat to
Qiguzhuang Village in Quyang County.

  (一) 华北

由于物价上涨,1947年4月1日,晋察冀边区邮政管理局,再次调整邮资为:公文50元、平信100元、单挂号300元、双挂号500元。小额面值邮票已不适用,但当时印制邮票的条件甚为困难,而各局所存大型及小型抗战胜利纪念邮票还有一定数量,为了节约,边区邮政管理局将各局所存1元至40元及60元各种邮票回收加盖改值使用。第一次加盖暂作改值邮票使用木戳手盖。

  North China

Due to the rising prices, on Apr. 1, 1947, postage was changed by Postal
Service Administration of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area, postage of
public document raise to 50 yuan, ordinary mail 100 yuan, single
registration 300 yuan, double registration 500 yuan. Small denomination
stamps were no longer applicable, but printing of stamps was in a quite
difficult condition at that time, while there were a considerable number
of Victory of War Against Japanese Aggression Stamps remained, for the
sake of economy, postal service administration of border area recycled
stamps with denomination from 1 yuan to 40 yuan and 60 yuan, then
overprinted and put to use. The First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily
Used for and Surcharged Stamps was overprinted by wooden seal manually.

  1.半白日图邮票

图3-1为山西唐县寄平定县双挂号实寄封,贴第一次加盖暂作改值邮票12元(黄)改100元(蓝),销唐县邮政代办所手填戳,并销山西平定,1948.2.1到达戳。已知存世仅2件。

  1. While Half Sun Issue

A double registration cover from Tangxian County in Shanxi to Pingding
County was shown in Fig. 3-1, which was stuck on a stamp which
surcharged from 12 yuan (yellow) to 100 yuan (blue) of First Issue
Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged Stamps, canceled by
a hand-filled postmark Postal Agency of Tangxian County, and marked an
arrival postmark Pingding, Shanxi, Feb. 1, 1948. Only 2 pieces have been
known.

  1937年9月,八路军115师在平型关战役后,以山西省五台山为中心,向察南、冀西挺进,创立北岳抗日根据地。1938年1月10日,晋察冀边区军政民代表大会在北岳阜平县召开,选举产生边区临时行政委员会。在晋察冀边区抗日根据地形成的同时,于1937年冬创办邮政组织,最初称晋冀察边区临时政府,后来改称晋察冀边区临时邮政。

(图3-1)

  1937年12月至1938年1月间,晋冀察边区临时邮政发行华北解放区首套邮票
半白日图邮票,1分(蓝色)、5分(蓝色与黑色),油印版印刷,无齿孔。目前已知5分邮票存世仅5枚(图2-1)。

  1. 冀南加盖改值邮票

  In September 1937 after Pingxingguan Battle, the 115 division of
Eighth Route Army marched forward to South Chahar and West Hebei with
fener of Mount Wutai Shanxi province, and built up Beiyue anti-Japanese
base area. Military-Civil representative congress in Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei
base area was held in Fuping county Beiyue area, base area temporary
administrative committee was generated with election. In the meantime of
Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base area setup, post organization was
set up in winter of 1937, named initially as Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Area
Temporary Government and afterwards named as Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border
Area Temporary Post.

Stamps Overprinted and Surcharge of South Hebei Area

  Between December, 1937 and January, 1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei border
area temporary post issued first set stamp in north China liberated area
White Half Sun Issue stamp, 1 fen par value (Blue) and 5 fen (Blue and
black), printed in mimeograph way, imperforation. Only five pieces of 5
fen stamp have been known. (Fig.2-1)

晋冀鲁豫边区物价上涨,1946年4月调整邮资为:平信和官署公文1元,印刷品每斤3元,包裹每斤4元。各区需要大量1元、2元及4元邮票。这时新票尚未印刷。为应急使用,在低面值5角票加盖1元、2元及4元改值发行。

  (图2-1)

Due to the rising prices in Shansi-Hopei-Shantung-Honan Border Area, in
Apr. 1946, postage of ordinary mail and official document was changed to
1 yuan, printed matter 3 yuan per jin, parcel 4 yuan per jin. A lot of 1
yuan, 2 yuan and 4 yuan stamps were needed in all areas, while new
stamps had not been ready yet. For emergency use, stamps with low
denomination of 5 jiao were overprinted and surcharged to 1 yuan, 2 yuan
and 4 yuan, then issued.

  2.第一版全白日图邮票

1946年3月在发行交通徽地球图(角单位)邮票的同时,又发行将交通图改为邮政局的交通徽地球图(邮政局)邮票一组1枚,面值为冀南币5元,蓝色。由冀南银行印刷厂赶印。用纸有白纸和报纸,石印,无齿孔。图幅为2024毫米,全张135(159)枚,虽然面值是元单位,但为了与(元单位)邮票相区别,定名为交通徽地球图(邮政局)邮票。1948年1月1日停用。

  2. The First Print While Full Sun Issue

In Mar. 1946, Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (in jiao unit) stamps
were issued, at the same time, Communication Emblem and Globe Issue
(Post Office) stamp, containing a set of a single type, was issued. Its
denomination was 5 yuan in Jinan Bi, color was blue, design was changed
from communication emblem to post office, and rush to be printed by
Jinan Bank Printing House with stone lithography using white paper and
newsprint, imperforated. Size of design was 2024 mm, number of pieces in
a sheet was 135(159), although its denomination was in yuan, for
distinguishing it from Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (in yuan
unit) stamp, it was named to Communication Emblem and Globe Issue (Post
Office) stamp. It was deactivated on Jan. 1, 1948.

  1938年1月,晋察冀边区临时行政委员会成立后,晋冀察边区临时邮政随之成立,2月发行第一版全白日图邮票(图2-2),全套2枚:1分(暗紫色)、2分(红棕色),石板印于有条纹报纸,图幅21.524mm,币值为法币,无齿孔。

图3-2为河北景县寄天津实寄封,贴华北交通徽地球图,元单位一元2枚,冀南加盖改值邮票,红字改作4元2枚,销河北景县,1947.3.16戳,并销有天津,1947.3.19到达戳。冀南加盖改值邮字实寄封存世罕见,已知存世不超过5件。

  图2-3所示实寄封原为中华邮政特制印简由河北乐城寄往平山县销有河北乐城村镇信差戳,后又加贴全白图1分5枚销河北郭苏镇1939年4月29日戳二次使用,为目前仅见,极为珍罕。

A cover from Jingxian County in Hebei to Tianjin was shown in Fig. 3-2,
on which stuck 2 pieces of 1 yuan stamp Communication Emblem and Globe
Issue (in yuan unit) and 2 pieces of Stamps Overprinted and Surcharge of
South Hebei Area with red letter surcharged to 4 yuan, cancelled by
postmark Hebei Jingxian, 1947.3.16 and marked by destination datemark
Tianjin, 1947.3.19. Cover of Overprinted and Surcharge of South Hebei
Area stamp are rare, no more than 5 pieces have been known.

  After Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Area Temporary Administrative Committee
set up in Jan.1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Area Temporary Post was set up
thereupon, the first print White Full Sun stamp was issued in February
(Fig. 2-2), including 2 stamps: 1 fen denomination (dark purple) and 2
fen denomination (red brown), stone plate was printed on newspaper with
stripes, with size 21.524mm, currency value: legal tender,
imperforation.

(图3-2)

  As the cover showed in Fig. 2-3, it was initially specific letter
sheet of Chinese Post Service mailed from Lecheng Hebei province to
Pinshang county stamped with Hebei Lecheng postmark, afterwards 5 pieces
of 1 fen stamps were pasted, second postmark by Guosu town Hebei
province on April 29th 1939. Only one has been found, extremely rarity.

3.冀鲁豫毛泽东像邮票

  (图2-2) (图2-3)

Mao Zedong Issue of Hebei-Shandong-Henan Area

  3.抗战军人纪念邮票第一套解放区纪念邮票

冀鲁豫地区在1941年10月成立交通局,一直实行免费寄递。抗日战争胜利后,交通局根据边区交通总局指示,计划于1946年1月开始实行有资寄递,并报经冀鲁豫行署批准发行邮票。1945年12月曾印制毛泽东像邮票一枚,面值冀南币5角,红色,白纸,石印。主图为毛泽东像,有齿(10度)。图幅20X24毫米。这枚邮票曾被称为菏泽版毛泽东像邮票。

  3. Soldier of War Against Japanese Aggression – The first set of
commemorative stamp of Chinas liberated areas

Transportation department of Hebei-Shandong-Henan Area was set up in
Oct. 1941, free deliver had been implemented. After the War of
Resistance against Japan, according to the instructions by general
traffic directorate of border area, transportation department planned to
charge for deliver since Jan. 1946, and reported to Hebei-Shandong-Henan
administrative office for permission to issue stamps. In Dec. 1945, a
type of Mao Zedong stamp was printed, its denomination was 5 jiao in
Jinan Bi, color was red, and printed with stone lithography using white
paper. Its design was Mao Zedongs portrait, perforation was 10. Size of
design was 2024 mm. This type of stamp have ever been named Heze Print
Mao Zedong Stamp

  1938年9月,晋察冀边区临时邮政,为优待抗日战时通信,特发行一种不注明面值的大型纪念邮票(图2-4),由边区政府免费发给抗战军人使用。邮票图案为抗战军人持枪跑步的前进图,图幅34.2528.25mm,无齿孔。石版印于白色洋纸上,大红色。此票虽不印面值,但在军人肩荷的子弹带上,暗藏有一个阿拉伯文的5字。

图3-3为冀鲁豫毛泽东像邮票不同版式,其双连使用实例目前仅见此件。

  In September 1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area Temporary Post
was set up, for providing priority to military post in anti-Japanese
time, a commemorative stamp without denomination was issued (Fig.2-4),
border area government distributed the stamp to anti-Japanese soldiers
for free use. Pattern in stamp showed anti-Japanese soldiers holding the
gun and marching forward, with size 34.2528.25mm, imperforation. Stone
plate was imprinted on white paper, full red color. No denomination on
this stamp but figure5was hidden on the bullet bag the soldier held.

A different setting of Mao Zedong Issue of Hebei-Shandong-Henan Area was
shown in Fig. 3-3, its the unique case in which a pair of stamps were
used.

  该邮票的图案是先由高晋材绘制一个卧姿军人的草图,未被采用,又由张述改画了现在的图案。此票印制于山西五台县境内的射虎川,以石印印制。

(图3-3)

  1938年秋,晋察冀边区行政委员会同意撤销边区临时邮政,由中华邮政接办边区邮政,12月,晋察冀边区临时邮政所发行的邮票停用,停用后的邮票全部交到设在西安的中华邮政第三军邮视察段,后来转送到重庆中华邮政总局。

4.晋绥边区邮票代签

  由于抗战军人纪念邮票刚刚开始发行,便赶上中华邮政接办,为此绝大多数邮票未来得及出售使用,目前所见未使用的新票较多,旧票较少,实寄封更少。

Postage Labels of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area

  The pattern of the stamp initially from Gao Jincai who created the
draft showing a soldier with prone position, but this was not adopted,
current pattern was created by Zhang Shu. This stamp was printed by
stone plate in Shehuchuan in Wutai county Shanxi province.

晋绥边区邮政管理局成立后,为解决邮票供应问题,管理局副局长朝儒生,会计股股长王晋章建议发行邮票代签,即国内邮资单位邮票。为了表明边区政府是维护全国和平大局和邮政的统一,在邮票代签上未写晋绥邮政字样,而且在用量较大的国内平信邮资已付的代签上,还写了中华邮政字样。这个建议经晋绥边区行政公署批准后,于1946年5月1日正式发行邮票代签一组5枚。计有国内平常印刷物一百公分(蓝),国内平常印刷物五百公分(灰紫),国内平信(绿),国内挂号函件(桔黄),国内挂号函件资费回执费(红),邮票代签于1947年12月31日停用。

  In autumn of 1938, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Border Area Temporary
Committee agreed to repeal area temporary post, succeeded by Chinese
Post Service and created area post, the stamps issued by temporary post
were ceased in December, stamps after ceasing were submitted to third
military post of Chinese Post Service which set up in Xian, afterwards
transferred to General Post Office of Chinese Post Service in Chongqing.

After the establishment of Postal Service Administration of
Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area, in order to resolve problem of stamp supply,
Chao Rusheng, deputy director of authority, and Wang Jinzhang, section
chief of stock accounting, suggested issuing Postage Labels, which were
domestic postage unit stamps. For the sake of showing that border area
governments preservation of national peace and unified postal service,
there were no words Shanxi-Suiyuan Postal Service on postage labels,
whats more, there were words Chinese Postal Service on postage labels
Domestic Letter Postage Paid, of which usage amount was larger. After
Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area prefectural administrative office had given
permission, a set of postage labels containing 5 types was formally
issued on May.1, 1946. They were Domestic Ordinary Printed Matter Mail
100 cents (blue), Domestic Ordinary Printed Matter Mail 500 cents (gray
purple), Domestic Ordinary Mail (green), Domestic Registered Mail
(orange), Domestic Registered Mail with Advice of Delivery (red), they
were deactivated on Dec. 31, 1947.

  Due to the commemorative stamp was just issued shortly and border
area temporary post just succeeded by Chinese Post Service, large
majority stamps were not sold and used, the unused stamps have been seen
more than used ones, the covers with them few.

此实寄封(图3-4)于1946年12月28日由晋绥朔县寄往中阳县,贴国内平常印刷物五百公分邮资已付双连及国内挂号函件资费已付1枚,此种邮票代签实寄封存世甚少,目前发现不超过10件。

  (图2-4)

A cover delivered from Shuoxian County in Shanxi-Suiyuan Area to
Zhongyang County was shown in Fig. 3-4, on which was stuck a pair of
Domestic Ordinary Printed Matter Mail 500 cents Postage Paid postage
labels and a piece of Domestic Registered Mail Postage Paid postage
label, this kind of cover containing postage labels are quite rare,
there are no more than 10 pieces have been known so far.

  4.唐县临时邮政邮票

(图3-4)

  4. Stamps of Tangxian Provisional Posts

5.晋绥边区第一版毛泽东像邮票

  1938年2月14日在抗日烽火中诞生的唐县临时邮政邮票,至今已经近80年了。唐县临时邮政设在当时县抗日民主政府所在地北店头村内贾文田家中。唐县临时邮政辟有通达县内各区和冀西各县的邮路,发行临时邮政邮票,实行邮资寄递,办理平信、挂号、印刷品、平快、明信片等邮政业务。1981年10月,日本著名集邮家水原明窗Meiso
Mizuhara先生在北京举办中国邮票藏品展览,曾展出珍贵的唐县临时邮政邮票和当时唐县使用的一些邮政单据。这些都说明唐县临时邮政有着比较完备的邮政规章和业务制度。唐县临时邮政邮票一套2枚,为壹分,伍分两种面值。由于战事物质条件的限制,这套邮票构图简单,且系木戳手工盖印,用纸与印制都极为粗糙。

The First Print Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area

  Stamps of Tangxian Provisional Posts were issued in anti-Japanese
time on February 14th 1938, nearly 80 years till today. Tangxian
Provisional Posts was set at home of Jia Wentian in Beidiantou village
where the county anti-Japanese democracy government was set up. Tangxian
Provisional Posts set up the postal routes leading to all districts in
the county and counties in West Hebei, issued provisional stamps and
delivery with post fee, services were provided such as ordinary,
register mails, printing matter, express mails and post cards etc. In
October 1981 the well know Japanese philatelist Mr. Meiso Mizuhara held
the China stamp collections exhibition in Beijing, the precious
Tangxcian Provisional Posts stamps and some post documents used in
Tangxian were showed. All those showed that Tangxian Provisional Posts
had build up complete postal regulations and business systems. Stamps of
Tangxian Provisional Posts include 2 stamps, 1 fen and 5 fen
denomination. As limited by poor material conditions during war time,
this set stamp has simple patterns, with wooden postmark and stamped by
hand, paper used and printing were very crude.

1946年6月,国民党反动派撕毁政协决议,发动全面内战,大举进攻解放区,和平已无希望。晋绥边区邮政管理局酝酿发行晋绥邮政邮票。经研究,邮票图案定为边区军民最热爱的伟大领袖毛泽东主席像,并写明晋绥邮政字样。

  1937年七七事变后,日军侵入我华北腹地,国民党军队弃地南逃,中华邮政员工溃散,邮政机构撤销。8月下旬,国共两党就红军改编和作战任务举行谈判,中共方面提出将晋、察、冀、绥四省交界地的涞源、五台、浑源、平山、唐县等31各县划为红军活动的地区。中共中央根据《抗日救国十大纲领》和与国民党达成的协议,将中国工农红军主力改编为国民革命军第八路军。次年1月10日,晋察冀边区军政民代表大会在阜平城内召开,1月15日大会通过宣言和通电,晋察冀边区临时行政委员会宣告成立。《宣言》明确指出,边区行政委员会的实际内容是贯彻抗日与真正的民主,是民族统一战线的政权形式,它包含着各党、各派、各阶层及各种民族分子,在行政体系上,也是中华民国的地方政府。边区军政民代表大会后,经阎锡山转呈国民政府行政院和军事委员会,1938年1月31日正式得到国民政府行政院和军事委员会的承认和批准,这标志着晋察冀边区抗日民主政权的建立和边区抗日民族统一战线的形成与确立。

In Jun. 1946, The Kuomintang reactionary tore up the resolution of
Political Consultative Conference, launched an all-sided civil war, and
aggressively attacked the liberated areas, there was no hope of peace.
Postal Service Administration of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area fermented to
issue stamps for Shanxi-Suiyuan postal service. After discussion, stamp
design was decided as portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong, who was the great
leader most beloved by people in border region, and marked the words
Shanxi-Suiyuan postal service.

  After July 7th Incident in 1937, Japanese armies invaded to inner
North China, the KMT armies abandoned north China and escaped towards
south, stuff in Chinese Post Service were dismissed and post
organization was repealed. In the last ten-day of August, negotiation
was held between the CCP and the KMT for Red army adaption and military
task topics, Communist Party proposed to define Laiyuan, Wutai, Hunyuan,
Pingshan and Tanxian etc. in total 31 counties located on border area of
Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei-Sui 4 provinces as red armys areas. Based on
Anti-Japanese and country saving ten creeds and agreements achieved with
National Party, head of Communist Party adapted Chinese worker-peasant
red army to National revolution the Eighth Route Army.
Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei area military-political-civil representative
congress was held in Fuping city in January 1938, declarations were
generated and approved by congress on 15th January, Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei
Area Provisional Administration Committee was set up. Clearly defined in
the Declarations that, main tasks of area administration committee were
implementation of anti-Japanese and the real democracy, regime form of
National united front, it included all parties, groups, stratums and
nationalists, form political system, it was the regional government of
Republic of China. After the congress, via submitted by Yan Xishan to
National government administration and Military committee, be approved
by National government administration and Military committee on 31st
Jan. 1938, which stands for foundation of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei area
anti-Japanese democracy regime and area anti-Japanese National united
front.

毛泽东主席像邮票的设计和刻板是请当时任《晋绥日报》美术科长的我国著名版画家李少言担任。开始,李少言同志设计的是毛泽东主席侧面像,刻板拓印为桔红色单枚印样。在中共中央晋绥分局和行署召开局长会议时,晋绥邮政管理局姚振声局长将印样带到会上,请贺龙等领导同志审查。贺龙同志看后笑着说:这不像毛主席。因此,毛泽东主席侧面像邮票图稿未被采纳。会后,又请李少言同志设计并刻制了毛主席正面像邮票版。邮票正中为毛主席正面像,四角分两行横书晋绥、邮政,右读。两侧为面值XX圆。李少言同志是用木口木刻方法刻制原版,所用刻刀是他亲自到军区兵工厂选择材料,自己加工制作的,刻出的线条很细,在边区当时是唯一可刻细线条的刻刀。毛泽东主席正面像图稿被采纳后,作为晋绥边区第一版毛泽东像邮票主图,于1947年1月1日发行。

  被中共中央誉为敌后模范的抗日根据地及统一战线的模范区的晋察冀抗日根据地,是中国共产党在敌后创建的第一个抗日根据地。晋察冀边区行政委员会又是敌后抗日根据地中唯一得到国民政府行政院和军事委员会正式承认的边区政府。为适应战时军民通信的需要,1937年11月末开始筹建边区临时邮政,12月份发行半白日图邮票,次年1月边区临时行政委员会成立,2月边区临时邮政总局续又发行全百日图邮票,同时唐县临时邮政也于1938年初成立,并于2月14日发行临时邮政邮票。这些都是抗日战争时期我革命根据地最早发行的邮票。半白日图票、全白日图票与唐县临时邮政邮票,构图风格极为相似,或取白日徽一角,或用白日徽主图,尤其唐县临时邮政壹分票,主图为全白日和两个五角星,星日相映,这反映了当时国难当头、抗战初始、国共合作业已形成的历史背景。

Mao Zedong Issue Stamp was designed and blocks for printing were cut by
Chinese famous printmaking artist Li Shaoyan, who was serving as section
chief of fine arts in Jin-Sui Daily. At first, Li Shaoyan design a
profile portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong, cut block and printed a single
proof in jacinth. While meeting of heads of the CPC central committee
Shanxi-Suiyuan branch and prefectural administrative office were
holding, Yao Zhensheng, the Secretary of Postal Service Administration
of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area, brought the proof to the meeting and
review by leaders including He Long. Seeing the proof, He Long said, Its
not like chairman Mao. Hence, the draft design were not adopted. After
the meeting, Li Shaoyan were asked to design a frontal portrait of
Chairman Mao Zedong, and cut blocks for stamp printing. The portrait of
Mao Zedong were in the middle of the stamp, words Jin-Sui and You-Zheng
lied on four corners, read from right to left. Denomination XX yuan lied
on two sides. Li Shaoyan used wood engraving to cut blocks, the graver
material was selected in arsenal and made by himself. The lines cut by
this graver were very delicate, it was the only graver could cut such
lines in border area. After the draft design of a frontal portrait of
Chairman Mao Zedong was accepted, it was used as design of The First
Print Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area, which were issued
on Jan.1, 1947.

  图2-5为唐县临时邮政邮票和当时唐县使用的邮政排单。

图案为毛泽东像,由李少言设计。石版印制,图幅20.524.5mm,印刷全张横20枚直5枚,印成9种不同的颜色,在每一块颜色版上改动
一下面值,无齿孔。

  Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base area which was praised by
Communist Party as model of anti-Japanese base and National united front
was the first anti-Japanese base in enemy rear areas.
Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei administration committee was the only one area
government which was admitted by national government administration and
military committee in all base areas. In order to fulfill demands of
military and civil communication in war time, border area provisional
post was set up in end of November 1937, Half White Sun stamp was issued
in December, area provisional administration committee was set up in
January following year, Full White Sun stamp was issued in February by
area provisional post, meanwhile Tangxian Provisional Posts was set up
in beginning 1938 and provisional stamps was issued on 14th February,
these were the earliest stamps issued in revolution base areas during
anti-Japanese war. Half White Sun stamp, Full White Sun stamp and
Tangxian Provisional Post stamp were with similar patterns, take part of
white sun badge or main part of white sun badge, especially for 1 fen
denomination stamp of Tangxian provisional stamp, main parts of pattern
included full white sun and two pentacles, which represents of the
history background that in beginning phase of anti-Japanese war, county
in deep danger, cooperation between Communist Party and National Party
was formed.

Stamp design was portrait of Mao Zedong, which was designed by Li
Shaoyan. Stamps were printed by stone lithography, size of the stamp was
2024 mm, a printing sheet contained 20 vertical and 5 horizontal rows of
stamps, which were printed into 9 different colors, denomination of
stamps with different colors are different. They were all imperforated.

  Fig. 2-5 shows stamps of Tangxian provisional posts and post arrange
list used in Tangxian that period.

晋绥邮政毛泽东侧面像(红棕色)10元样票,李少言设计。审查时因为不像毛泽东,设计者又重新设计改成正面像,即后来正式发行的毛泽东邮票图案,珍罕。

  (图2-5)

Below is a proof Profile Portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong (rufous) by
Shanxi-Suiyuan postal service, which were designed by Li Shaoyan. After
reviewing, because it was unlike Mao Zedong, designer redesigned the
draft and changed it into a frontal portrait, which was the design of
Mao Zedong stamp official issued afterwards. The proofs are rare.

  (二)山东战邮

图3-5-1
为存世唯一的晋绥邮政毛泽东侧面像(红棕色)10元未采用试印样票(上),具有李少言签名的3元采用试印样票(下)。

  Shandong War-Time Posts

As shown in Fig. 3-5-1, above is the unique unadopted proof Profile
Portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong (rufous) by Shanxi-Suiyuan postal
service, the denomination of which was 10 yuan, below is an adopted
proof with Li Shaoyans signature, the denomination of which was 3 yuan.

  5.总局之章邮票

图3-5-2
为晋绥边区第一版毛泽东像15元、80元邮票实寄封,贴此票实寄封目前发现不超过5件。

  5. Seal of D.G. of Posts Stamps

A cover on which stuck a 15 yuan and a 80 yuan stamp of The First Print
Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area was shown in Fig. 3-5-2.
There are no more than 5 covers with these stamps have been known.

  1942年2月7日,山东省战时邮务总局成立后,3月间请山东省战时工会文书科张剑、韩寓吾及王济让等人设计了山东战时邮政邮票。据张剑回忆:山东地图邮票是根据当时山东所辖地区的缩影设计的,地图周围抗日烽火光芒四射,标志着山东的抗日有着光明的前程;火炬图邮票,象征着山东人民在中国共产党的领导下,高举抗日救亡的革命火炬奋勇前进;战士冲锋图和骑兵图邮票,生动的表现了抗日战士持枪冲锋和骑兵战士跃马扬刀冲向敌人,英勇杀敌的英姿;时代车轮图的邮票,体现了抗日军民驾驭抗日历史车轮滚滚向前。

(图3-5-1)(图3-5-2)

  Shandong war-time post office was set up on February 7th 1942, the
post office invited Zhang Jian, Han Yuwu and Wang Jirang etc. from
amanuensis section of war-time labor union Shandong province to design
the Shandong war-time post stamp. As memory from Zhang Jian: the stamp
with pattern of Shandong map was designed based on epitomes from
Shandong domination areas, anti-Japanese balefire flashing round the
map, which stands for bright perspective of anti-Japanese in Shandong;
the stamp with pattern of Hand holding torch, stands for Shandong people
march forward full of courage holding the revolution torch of
anti-Japanese and country saving under leading by CCP; Soldier charging
stamp and Cavalry man stamp vividly represented anti-Japanese soldiers
holding submachine guns and cavalry soldiers rushing at enemies, heroism
was fully showed; Stamp with pattern of times wheel, represented
anti-Japanese soldiers and folk marching forward with steering
anti-Japanese historical wheels.

6.晋绥边区毛泽东像邮票第二次加盖暂作改值邮票

  据《中国解放区邮票史》华东卷(上)介绍说:山东战时邮政加盖总局之章邮票共5枚,有山东地图(米红)1分;战士冲锋图(绿)2分;火炬图(蓝)5分;时代车轮图(浅黄)1角;骑兵图(深棕)5角。但是查遍《中国邮票全集》解放区卷和《中华人民共和国邮票图鉴》(解放区)(香港杨乃强编)均无此票,只《中国人民革命战争时期邮票目录》中有4枚,即1分、2分、5分及5角(本组邮票尚有1角一种。由此看来这枚邮票并未发行,仅在档案中有记录)。

The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on
Mao Zedong Issue of Shanxi-Suiyuan Border Area

  图2-6列出的山东地图(米红)1分邮票存世仅6枚,火炬图(蓝)5分双连存世仅2件。

1949年7月15日,晋南区邮政管理局在发行农耕图第一次加盖暂作改值邮票的同时,发行第二版毛泽东像加盖暂作改值邮票一套1枚:黑字60元/500元(蓝)。加盖面值为人民币。石印加盖,暂作陆拾圆分两行上线横列,右读,加盖全张80(204)枚,临汾城内私营石印馆承盖。

  As information from East China volume of Stamp history in China
liberated areas: Seal of D.G. of Posts Stamps from Shandong war-time
posts included 5 pieces, 1 fen denomination with pattern of Shandong map
(red); 2 fen denomination with pattern of Soldier charging (green); 5
fen denomination with pattern of Hand holding torch (blue); 10 fen
denomination with pattern of Man pushing large wheel(light yellow); 50
fen denomination with pattern of Cavalry man (dark brown). But this set
of stamps cannot be found in liberated area volume of China stamp
collections and Peoples Republic of China stamp picture collections
(liberated area, edited by Yang Naiqiang from Hongkong). Only in Stamp
catalog in Chinese people revolution war-time four pieces were found,
namely 1 fen, 2 fen, 5 fen and 50 fen denominations. Based on that, 10
fen denomination stamps did not issued and only recorded in archives.

On Jul. 15, 1949, at the same time as stamp The First Issue Overprinted
with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Ploughing Design was issued
by Postal Service Administration of South Shanxi Area, a set of a single
stamp The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and
Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue was issued, which contained a single
type, black letter 60 yuan/500 yuan (blue). The overprinted denomination
was Ren Min Bi. The stamps were overprinted with stone lithography,
words Zan-Zuo and Liu-Shi yuan were arranged in two rows, read from
right to left, number of pieces in a sheet was 80(204), overprinted by
private stone lithographic house in Linfen City.

  Only six stamps of 1 fen denomination (red) with pattern of Shandong
map, and two stamps of 5 fen denomination (blue) with pattern of Hand
holding torch have been found. (Fig. 2-6 )

图3-6为山西夏县寄北京挂号实寄封,贴晋绥农耕图第五次加盖暂作改值邮票,暂作拾圆,晋南第一次加盖暂作改值邮票,暂作贰拾圆及第二次加盖暂作改值邮票黑60圆/500圆1枚,销山西夏县,1949.
9.18戳,有北京,1949.10.14到达戳。为晋南毛泽东像二次加盖唯一使用实例。

  (图2-6)

A registered cover from Xiaxian County in Shanxi to Beijing was shown in
Fig. 3-6, on which stuck a piece of stamp The 5th Issue Overprinted with
Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on Ploughing Design by
Shanxi-Suiyuan Area (temporarily used for 10 yuan), a piece of stamp The
First Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on
Ploughing Design by South Shanxi Area (temporarily used for 20 yuan),
and a piece of stamp The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used
for and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue (black letter 60 yuan/500 yuan),
cancelled by postmark Shanxi Xiaxian, 1949. 9.18 and marked by
destination datemark Beijing, 1949.10.14. It is the unique use case of
The Second Issue Overprinted with Temporarily Used for and Surcharged on
Mao Zedong Issue stamp.

  6.第一版毛泽东像邮票

(图3-6)

  6. The First Print Mao Zedong Issue

(二)东北区

  1943年春,山东抗战局势开始好转,共产党领导的八路军开始局部反击,同年3、4月间,毛泽东主席、朱德总司令对山东作了一系列重要指示,7月,罗荣恒同志着文号召学习毛泽东思想。《大众日报》发表题为学习毛泽东思想、组织群众大多数的社论。在党中央、毛泽东主席的正确领导下,山东抗日根据地一年来作战和生产都获可喜成绩,先后解放部分县城,抗日根据地达900多万人口,毛泽东主席的光辉形象和威望深入人心,为全党和全国军民所崇敬。

Northeast China Area

  1944年3月,山东省战时邮政总局印制了山东战邮毛泽东像(一版)邮票3枚。其颜色、面值是:(蓝)5分、(绿)1角、(深棕)5角,由胶东战邮管理局委托胶东《大众报》社印刷厂铜版印刷。邮票为白报纸,图幅1627mm,全张20(45)枚,无齿孔,北海币。邮票下端书写山东战邮。

7.通化版毛泽东像邮票

  发行毛泽东像邮票,表达了广大军民对伟大领袖的热爱。这是全国解放区发行的邮票上首次出现毛泽东肖像。

Mao Zedong Issue of Tonghua Print

  图2-7为山东战邮一版毛泽东像(蓝)5分全张票,以及使用实例。

辽宁解放区是南满革命根据地的组成部分,位于东北的南部,南于旅大和安东省接壤,东南与朝鲜接壤,西接西满和冀察热辽解放区,北部与吉林辽北省为邻,抗日战争胜利后,1946年9月6日,冀热辽军分区司令员曾克林,副政治委员唐凯率部进驻沈阳,10月12日在沈阳正式成立了辽宁政府。1946年7月辽宁政府进驻通化。

  War situation turned to getting better in Shandong in spring of
1943, the Eighth Route Army leading by Communist Party started to beat
back locally, in March and April this year, Chairman Mao Zedong and
commander-in-chief Zhu De gave series important instructions to
Shandong, in July comrade Luo Ronghuan wrote articles and called on to
learn Mao Zedong ideology. Folks daily issued leading article with theme
of learning Mao Zedong ideology and Unite majority of folks. Under
correct leading by Central Communist Party and Chairman Mao, huge
achievements were got on battle and foodstuff production in Shandong
anti-Japanese base area in the past year, some counties were liberated,
population more than 9 million in liberated base area, brilliant image
and prestige of Chairman Mao goes deeply in peoples heart, be esteemed
by whole Communist Party and people nationwide.

Liaoning Liberated Area was a part of Southern Manchuria Revolutionary
Base Area, located in south of Northeast China, the south bordered with
Lvda and Andong Province, the southeast bordered with Korea, the west
bordered with Western Manchuria and Hebei-Chahar-Rehe-Liaoning Liberated
Area, the north bordered with Jilin and Liaobei Province. After the War
of Resistance against Japan, in Sep. 6, 1946, Zeng Kelin, the commander
of the Hebei-Rehe-Liaoning military sub-command, together with Tang Kai,
the deputy politics commissar, led the troops into Shenyang, and
Liaoning government was formed on Oct.12 in Shenyang. In Jul. 1946,
Liaoning government entered and garrisoned Tonghua.

  In March 1944, Shandong War-time Postal Administration issued
Shandong war-time post stamps in total 3 pieces with pattern of portrait
of Mao Zedong (first print). The color and denominations are: 5 fen
(blue), 10 fen (green), 50 fen (dark brown), the stamps were authorized
by Jiaodong War-time Post Administration Bureau to Jiaodong the Public
Newspaper printing house, printed with copper plate. Stamps are white
newspaper, size 1627mm, in total 20 pieces per plate (4 x 5),
imperforation, Beihai currency. Shandong War-time Post marked on bottom
of stamps.

1946年8月,辽宁省邮政管理局在通化成立,为满足辽宁地区邮政业务需要,发行普通邮票1套3枚,邮票主图为毛泽东像,邮票的上部有中国解放区5字,下部有辽宁邮政4字,两侧各以7条分隔号装饰成柱形,四角为面值(东北币),分2元、5元、10元三种,白纸石板印刷,图幅为2125毫米,无齿孔。邮票设计者王为绎,原在山东战时邮政工作,当时任辽宁省邮政管理局生产科长,由魏修章制版,通化新兴印刷厂印刷,此套毛泽东像邮票于8月15日发行,由于平信邮资已由2元调为5元,所以2元面值售出极少,使用范围仅限于通化附近的九个县,因此使用者不多。

  The issuing of stamps with pattern of portrait of Mao Zedong, which
expressed peoples love and respect to the great leader. This is the
first time that portrait of Mao Zedong appears on stamps in liberated
areas nationwide.

In Aug. 1946, Postal Service Administration of Liaoning Province was set
up in Tonghua, in order to meet the needs of postal service in Liaoning
region, a set of 3 regular stamps was issued. Stamp design was portrait
of Mao Zedong, there were 5 words Zhong-Guo-Jie-Fang-Qu upside and 4
words Liao-Ning-You-Zheng downside the stamp. There were 7 separatrixes
decorated like pillar at both sides, denomination (Dongbei Bi) were
placed in four corners and classified in 3 types: 2yuan, 5yuan and
10yuan. The stamp was printed by stone lithographic using white paper,
size of stamp design was 2125mm, imperforated. Designer was Wang Weiyi,
who formerly worked in Shandong postal service in wartime, then served
as production section chief in postal bureau of Liaoning Province. The
printing plate was made by Wei Xiuzhang, stamps were printed by Xinxing
Printing Work in Tonghua, and issued on Aug. 15. For the sake that
postage of ordinary mail changed from 2 yuan to 5 yuan, very few of 2
yuan stamps were sold, the range of application was limited in 9
counties around Tonghua, hence they were seldom used.

  Fig. 2-7 shows that the whole sheet of first print of 5 fen blue
stamps with Mao Zedong portrait issued by Shandong War-time Post, and
its usages.

通化版毛泽东像5元双连实寄封(图3-7),销辽宁样子哨,1947.7.5戳,已知存世仅此1件,极为珍罕。

  (图2-7)

A cover on which stuck a pair of Mao Zedong Issue of Tonghua Print 5yuan
stamps was shown in Fig. 3-7, which was cancelled by datemark Liaoning
Yangzishao, 1947.7.5, only this piece have been known, it is extremely
rare.

  7.牛耕、掷弹图邮票

(图3-7)

  7. Ploughing and Throwing Grenade Issue

8.通化版八一五东北解放周年纪念邮票

  1944年,由于几年来日寇频繁扫荡,敌伪顽的经济封锁,山东抗日根据地面临许多困难。根据党中央发展生产、保证供给的指示和号召,全体军民自己动手,丰衣足食,发展生产,克服困难。

The First Anniv. of Liberation of Northeast on August 15th of Tonghua
Print

  1944年11月,山东省战时邮务总局印制发行山东战邮耕牛图、掷弹图邮票各1枚。耕牛图邮票绿色1角,掷弹图邮票橘黄色1元。图幅2120和2321mm,无齿孔,北海币,平版,白报纸。邮票右边书写山东战邮,左边书写面值。这两枚邮票反映了抗日军民一面战斗,一面生产、克服困难的战斗历史。

1946年8月15日,辽宁省邮政管理局为纪念东北解放一周年,特用已印就的毛泽东像邮票做底票,用石印方法加盖八一五东北解放周年纪念字样邮票一套3枚,与不加盖的邮票于8月15日同时发行。加盖的文字为隶书体,上面楷书八一五三字,东北解放周年纪念8字分左右两行竖列右读,呈门字形排列,其中周年的年字写成四横一竖的
字。3种面值用红、紫两种颜色油墨,不印加盖。这种加盖的通化版邮票比原票更为少见。

  图2-8为该套邮票不同刷色,以及1元使用实例。

In Aug.15, 1946, in order to commemorate the first anniversary of the
liberating of Northeast China, Postal Service Administration of Liaoning
Province used Mao Zedong Issue as original stamp, overprinted the set of
three stamps with characters August-fifteenth the First Anniversary of
Northeast China by stone lithographic, and issued on Aug.15 together
with those non-overprinted. The overprinted font was Li-shu, an ancient
style of calligraphy current in the Han Dynasty, there were words
August-fifteenth in regular script upside the stamp, words the First
Anniversary of Northeast China were divided into two vertical rows read
form right to left, and arranged as the Chinese character 门, of which
the Chinese character 年 was written as . The three types of
denomination were in red and purple, non-overprinted. These overprinted
stamps are rarer than original stamps.

  In 1944, due to Japanese armys frequent mop-up in past several years
and economic blockade by puppetry, lots difficulties had to be faced by
Shandong anti-Japanese base area. According to instructions from Central
Communist Party enhance production and ensure providing, the people
overcome difficulties and evdently enhanced production, closing and
foodstuff were well ensured.

图3-8为通化版八一五东北解放周年纪念邮票2元、5元邮票,其中2元双连票存世仅2件

  In November of 1944, Shandong War-time Postal Administration issued
Shandong war-time post ploughing and throwing grenade stamps, 1 piece
for each. Ploughing stamp with 10 fen denomination and green color,
throwing grenade stamp with 1 yuan denomination and orange color. With
size 2120 and 2321mm, imperforation, Beihai currency, lithographic
plate,while newspaper. Shandong War-time Posts was written on right
side of stamp and denomination marked on left side. The 2 pieces stamps
represented the struggle history of anti-Japanese people keep fighting
while keep production and difficulty overcoming.

2 yuan and 5 yuan stamps of The First Anniv. of Liberation of Northeast
on August 15th of Tonghua Print are shown in Fig. 3-8, there are only 2
pairs of 2 yuan stamps have been known.

  Fig. 2-8 shows different printing colors of this set stamp, and
cover with 1 yuan denomination stamp.

(图3-8)

  (图2-8)

9.辽南加盖暂作、改作改值邮票

  8.胶东区加盖胶东暂作改值邮票

Stamps Overprinted with Temporarily Used for or Changed to and
Surcharged of South Liaonan Area

  8. Stamps Overprinted with Jiaodong Temporarily Used for and
Surcharge of Jiaodong Area

1946年6月22日,在辽东地区可能被国民党分割的形势下,为坚持对敌斗争,中共中央东北局决定成立辽南省委。同年8月,正式成立了以辽宁省与安东省部分地区组成的一个过渡性质的省级行政单位辽南行政公署。辽南行政公署成立后,辽南地区的邮政工作分别由辽宁和安东邮政管理局管理。1947年7月,在瓦房店正式成立辽南邮电管理局。

  1944年5-8月,胶东战时邮务管理局进行一次邮资调整。由于新的邮票尚未印出,调资后所需面值邮票缺乏,于是将山东战时邮务总局发行的山东省战时邮政邮票加字改值6枚,以应急需。

In Jun. 22, 1946, under the circumstance that Liaodong region might be
divided by Kuomintang, for adhering to struggle against the enemy, CPC
central committee decided to set up provincial Party committee in
Liaonan. In August, a transitional provincial administrative unit
Liaonan Administrative Office was found, which was composed of parts of
Liaoning Province and Andong Province. After the establishment of
Liaonan Administrative Office, the postal service in Liaonan region was
managed by Postal Service Administration of Liaoning and Andong
respectively. In Jul. 1947, Liaonan Posts and Telecommunications
Administration was formally set up in Wafangdian.

  图2-9为贴加盖胶东暂作改值邮票5分(紫)邮票1枚印刷品裸寄邮件,销莱阳1944年9月8日战时邮戳,十分罕见,存世不超过3件。

1948年,辽南邮电管理局,在东北二版毛泽东像5元(灰绿)邮票上,铅字手盖黑20元。图3-9所示的该票横双连,目前存世仅见2件。

  图2-10为山东烟台寄牙前县实寄封,贴加盖胶东暂作改值邮票1元(红)双连,销烟台,1945年2月10日邮戳。已知存世不超过5件。

In 1948, Liaonan Posts and Telecommunications Administration overprinted
some 2nd Print Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area 5 yuan (celadon)
stamps in black and surcharged as 20 yuan using type manually. A
horizontal pair was shown in Fig.3-9, only 2 pieces have been known.

  During May to August in 1944, Jiandong War-time Postal
Administration made a revision for postal fee. Due to new stamps had not
been issued yet, the needed denomination stamps were lack after postal
fee adaption, 6 pieces surcharge stamps were made overprinted on stamps
issued by Shandong War-time Postal Administration, to fulfill urgent
demands.

(图3-9)

  Fig. 2-9 shows a delivery unpackaged print matter with a 5 fen
purple overprinted Jiaodong Temporarily Used and cancelled with war-time
postmark form Laiyang on September 8th 1944, very rarely. One of three
copies has been known.

10.东北毛泽东像邮票第四次加盖改作改值邮票

  Fig. 2-10 shows a cover delivery from Yantai to Yaqian county, with
a pair overprinted with Jiaodong temporarily use, 1 yuan red, and
cancelled with postmark from Yantai with 10th February 1945, less than
five pieces have been known today.

The Fourth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao
Zedong Issue of Northeast Area

  (图2-9) (图2-10)

1948年10月,东北邮电管理总局根据业务需要,在东北三、四版毛泽东像邮票上,铅字机盖,第四次加盖改作改值邮票,在加盖过程中,出现了一些倒盖、误盖等变异。

  (三)华中

In Oct. 1948, according to the need of postal service, Northeast China
posts and telecommunications bureau overprinted 3rd and 4th Print Mao
Zedong Issue of Northeast Area with Surcharged using type by machine,
which was the 4th time to overprint and surcharge stamps. During the
process, some varieties like inverted overprint and overprint error
appeared.

  Fenral China

图3-10为哈尔滨寄长春单挂号实寄封,该封贴东北毛泽东像第四次加盖改作改值邮票中的改作1500元邮票为倒盖变异票,销哈尔滨,1948.11.25收寄戳、长春,1948.11.28到达戳。为目前仅见实例。

  9.淮南区五角星图邮票

A registered cover from Harbin to Changchun was shown in Fig. 3-10. On
which stuck an inverted overprinted stamp Surcharged as 1500 yuan of The
Fourth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong
Issue of Northeast Area, and cancelled by datemark Harbin, 1948.11.25
and destination datemark Changchun, 1948.11.28. It is the unique case
have been known.

  9. Five-Pointed Star Stamps of Huainan Area

(图3-10)

  五角星邮票1枚,面值20(分),浅绿色,邮票上部印有大写拉丁化新文字XUAI
NAN(淮南)。淮南交通总站,于1943年发行。石板、报纸、无齿孔,图幅1818毫米,《新路东》报社印制,米纳设计,冯舫、高治平制版。全版20{(52)+(52)}枚,直列同方向或对倒tete-beche两次印刷,有双连过桥gutter-pair及双连对倒型tete-beche
pair。面值为淮南币。

11.东北毛泽东像邮票第六次加盖改作改值邮票

  图2-11为淮南区五角星图邮票不同刷色,以及使用实例。

The Sixth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong
Issue of Northeast Area

  Five-Pointed Star Stamps of Huainan Area, 20 fen denomination, light
green, top area of stamp was printed with words HUAI NAN, issued by
Huainan Communication Bureau in 1943. Stone plate, newspaper and
imperforation, size 1818mm, printed by New East Road newspaper office,
designed by Mina and platemade by Fang Fang and Gao Zhiping. 20 pieces
per whole plate (5 x 2 + 5 x 2), printed two times in vertical array at
the same direction or tete-beche, and gutter-pair or tete-beche pair
have been found, currency was Huainan currency.

为统一全国邮资,东北邮电管理局奉中央财委会电令,经东北人民政府批准,自1949年11月10日起,调整本区各类邮件资费,东北邮电管理总局为适应邮资调整需要,发行东北毛泽东像邮票第六次加盖改作改值邮票一套7枚。

  Fig. 2-11 shows Huainan five-pointed star stamps with different
printing colors, and its usage.

For the unify of national postage, following the order of central
financial committee, Northeast China Posts and Telecommunications
Administration get approval from Northeast Peoples Government to change
the postage for varies of mails in the region. For adapting to the
adjustment, Northeast China posts and telecommunications bureau issued a
set of 7 stamps The Sixth Issue Overprinted with Changed to and
Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of Northeast Area.

  (图2-11)

图3-11为沈阳寄法国的解放区邮票与普东1.邮票混贴实寄封,贴东北毛泽东像第六次加盖改作改值邮票2000元2枚,20000元1枚与普东1.5000元1枚,销沈阳,1950.4.22收寄戳,并有香港中转戳。普东1.邮票与解放区邮票混贴封较少见。

  11.淮南区稿字邮票

A combination cover with stamps of liberation area and regular stamp for
used in Noreast was shown in Fig 3-11, on which stuck 2 pieces of
2000yuan stamps and a p piece of 20000yuan stamp of The Sixth Issue
Overprinted with Changed to and Surcharged on Mao Zedong Issue of
Northeast Area, and a piece of RN1 5000yuan stamp, cancelled by datemark
Shenyang, 1950.4.22 and transit datemark of Hong Kong. Combination
covers with stamps of liberation area and regular stamp for used in
Noreast are rare.

  11. Manuscript Stamp

(图3-11)

  淮南区是新四军在1939年以后建立的抗日根据地之一。位于安徽省东部和江苏省西部,包括:蚌埠、淮南、合肥、寿县、全椒、六合、天长、扬州、盱眙、嘉山、凤阳等地。