威澳门尼斯人www997723 1

【威澳门尼斯人www997723】非谓语动词

现年本市初级中学毕业生升学考试[微博]乌Crane语试卷改善,听力精晓一些减少了10分,而单项接纳题型和阅读精晓题型分值比在此以前各增添了5分,这也就表示在这两项上会有难度和题量的增加。上边就对上述二种题型做简单解析,望广大考生引起重视。

考试的场合一 非谓语动词作者宾语

非谓语动词(不定式、动名词)作宾语

(一)下列动词一般用不定式作宾语, 请牢记上面包车型地铁口诀:

痛下决心学会想指望, 拒绝设法愿假装。

百尺竿头更进一竿答应选陈设, 同意央浼帮一帮。

decide/determine, learn, want, expect/hope/wish; refuse, manage, care,
pretend; offer, promise, choose, plan; agree, ask/beg, help。

She pretended not to see me when I passed by.

当自家通过时, 她假装没看见本身。

We agreed to meet here but so far she hasn’t turned up yet.

大家约好了在此间拜见, 然则她到现行反革命还尚无露面。

其它, afford, strive, happen, wait, threaten 等也要用不定式作宾语。

(二)下列动词或词组一般用动名词作者宾语, 请牢记下边包车型大巴口诀:

设想建议盼原谅, 承认推迟没得想。

防止失去继续练, 否认完结就欣赏。

明令禁止想象才冒险, 不禁介意准逃亡。

consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse/pardon; admit,
delay/put off, fancy(想象, 设想); avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice;
deny, finish, enjoy/appreciate; forbid, imagine, risk; can’t
help(禁不住), mind, allow/permit, escape。

He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk
losing
the good opportunity.

他为此次求职面试做了丰盛希图, 因为她不能够冒失去本次好机缘的风险。

除此以外, be used/accustomed to, lead to, devote to, go back to, stick to,
object to, get down to, pay attention to, can’t stand(不可能忍受), give
up, feel like, insist on, be busy, have difficulty(in), have a
good/wonderful/hard time (in), spend time (in), How/What about…, There
is no sense in…等短语或句型后也要用动名词作者宾语。

(三)下列动词或词组不仅能够跟动名词作者宾语, 也得以跟不定式作宾语,
但意义上有不同, 要非常注意。

forget to do sth. 忘记要做某一件事

forget doing sth. 忘记曾经做过某一件事

remember to do sth. 记着要做有些事

remember doing sth. 记得曾经做过有些事

regret to do sth. 很可惜要去做有些事

regret doing sth. 后悔做过某件事

try to do sth. 努力做某一件事

try doing sth. 试着做某一件事

mean to do sth. 准备做有些事

mean doing sth. 表示做某件事

(四)在动词 allow, advise, forbid, permit, consider 后直接跟动名词作者宾语;
借使后边闻明词或代词作者宾语, 则用动词不定式作宾语补足语。

allow/permit/forbid/advise/consider sb. to do sth.

allow/permit/forbid/advise/consider doing sth.

Smoking is forbidden here so we don’t allow you to smoke.

那边禁烟, 所以我们不容许你吸烟。

We don’t allow smoking in the hall.

咱俩严令禁止有人在厅堂内吸烟。

(五)动词 need, require, want 作“要求”, deserve 作“ 应受, 应得”解时,
其后用动名词的积极性情势(doing) 或不定式的低沉格局(to be done)
表被动意义。be worth 后用动名词的积极向上方式(doing)表示被动意义, 而 worthy
则需用被动方式。其余, need, require, want 后能够接名词或代词作者宾语,
然后接不定式作宾语补足语, 表示“要求/供给/想要某个人做某件事”。

need/require/want to be done (需要)

need/require/want doing (需要)

need/require/want sb. to do sth.(需要/要求/想要)

deserve 名词

deserve doing

deserve to be done

be worth 名词

be worth doing

be worthy to be done

be worthy of 名词(表钱数或表价格的名词除此而外)

be worthy of being done

The window needs/requires/wants to be cleaned.

The window needs/requires/wants cleaning.

窗户供给擦一下。

This place is worth visiting.

This place is worthy to be visited.

This place is worthy of a visit.

This place is worthy of being visited.

其一地点值得旅行。

These proposals deserve considering.

These proposals deserve to be considered.

这个提议值得驰念。

(六) 不定式作动词(词组) tell, show, understand, explain, teach, learn,
advise, discuss, ask, decide, wonder, find out 等的宾语时,
后面常带引导词how, what, whether, where, when, who 等, 但 why 后加不带to
的不定式。

小心:此用法中的不定式的逻辑主语需与句子的主语或宾语保持一致,
否则用宾语从句。

He showed us how to do the work.(= He showed us how we should do the
work.)

他给咱们演示如何做那项职业。

I don’t know what to do.(=I don’t know what I should do.)

自己不掌握做些什么。

We must decide whether to stay or go.(= We must decide whether we’ll
stay or go.)

我们必须调节是留照旧走。

Can you tell me why do it? 你能告诉自身何以这么做吗?

克罗地亚语语法是针对性塞尔维亚共和国语语言的语法举行的钻研。语法是组词造句的平整,是把适用的词放进合适岗位的格局,语法可分为两大片段:词法和句法。词法包罗种种词的形象及其变动,句法首要讲句子的项目和品种,句子成分以及遣词造句的规律。

率先,单项选取题所侦查的知识面要更普及,所关联的学识也会越来越入木八分。因考试的地方非常多,前天只对非谓语动词部分实行分析。非谓语动词是初中法语教学中的入眼和难点,也是年年底级中学结束学业生升学考试必考的考试的场面。非谓语动词包蕴动词不定式,动名词和分词,初级中学阶段器重考查动词不定式及其有关的延伸用法。

题组织磨练练 用所给动词的熨帖格局填空

①(2014 北京, 35) The film star wears sunglasses. Therefore, he can go
shopping without being recognized (recognize).

②One learns a language by making mistakes and correcting (correct)them.

③ In some parts of London, missing a bus means waiting (wait) for
another hour.

同理可得学好语法对考博土耳其语的重点,学苑教育在线整理了考博斯洛伐克语必备语法知识点,希望考博考生们学以实用,考博印度语印尼语获得好的实际业绩。

耀华东学 刘鸿林

考试的地方二 非谓语动词作者定语

一、不定式作定语

  1. 作定语的不定式如若是不及物动词,
    可能不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、工具等,
    不定式后边需有相应的介词。

The Browns have a comfortable house to live in.

Brown一家有一幢舒适的屋宇能够容身。

唯独, 不定式所修饰的名词假诺是time, place 或way 时,
不定式前边的介词习于旧贯上省去。

He had no place to live.

他从不地方住。

  1. 用不定式作定语的二种状态:

(1)不定式表以后。

The car to be bought is for his sister.

要买的那辆车是给她二嫂的。

(2)用来修饰被序数词、最高等或no, all, any 等限制的中央词,
且与主干词为逻辑上的积极性关系。

He was the best man to do the job.

她是做那份职业的最棒人选。

She was the first woman to win the gold medal in the Olympic Games. 她
是率先个在奥林匹克运动会上获得金牌的女子。

(3)有个别名词的同根词常跟不定式, 由此它们也常跟不定式作定语,
常见的有:promise, plan, attempt, offer, decision, refusal, failure,
ability, chance, warning, anxiety, eagerness, willingness, readiness
等。

I don’t trust his promise to come for a visit.

本身不信任她来访的诺言。

(比较:He promised to come for a visit.)

He said he had no plans to go there.

她说她一直不要去那边的安排。

(比较:He didn’t plan to go there.)

He made an attempt to stand up.

他试图站起来。

(比较:He attempted to stand up.)

二、分词作者定语

  1. 作定语的及物动词的分词方式为:v.-ing, being +
    过去分词和过去分词。当被修饰的名词与非谓语动词为主动关系时, 用v.-ing;
    当被修饰的名词与非谓语动词为被动关系且表正在进行时, 用being + 过去分词;
    当被修饰的名词与非谓语动词为被动关系且表完结时, 用过去分词。

The houses being built are for the teachers.

正在建的那么些屋子是为导师们建的。(被动, 正在进行)

“Things lost never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself.
作者禁不住自言自语:“覆水难收啊!”(被动, 完成)

  1. 作定语的不如物动词的分词方式为:v.-ing 和过去分词。

v.-ing 代表正在拓宽; 过去分词表示已经实现。

boiling water 沸腾的水(表正在开展)

boiled water 白开水(表完成)

falling leaves 正在裁减的叶子(表正在拓宽)

fallen leaves 已经落下的卡片(表完成)

developing countries 发展中中原人民共和国家(表正在拓宽)

developed countries 发达国家(表达成)

  1. 波兰语中有个别代表以为的动词, 其以后分词情势表示“令人……的”,
    过去分词情势表示“认为……的”。

an exciting voice 叁个令人欢跃的声音

an excited voice 二个欢欣的音响

a puzzling expression 二个令人思疑的神采

a puzzled expression 二个嫌疑的神情

三、动名词作定语

动名词作者定语, 动名词用来证明被修饰词的用途。

a fishing net 渔网(= a net for fishing)

a swimming pool 游泳池(a pool for swimming)

四、to be done, done 和being done 作定语的分别

to be done 表被动、将来;

done 表被动、完成;

being done 表被动、正在举行。

Have you read the novel written by Dickens?

你读过Dickens写的那部随笔吧? (表被动、落成)

Listen! The song being sung is very popular with the students.

听! 正唱着的那首歌备受学生们的接待。(表被动、正在开展)

The question to be discussed at tomorrow’s meeting is very important.

前几天在会上就要钻探的题目极其关键。(表被动、未来)

考博葡萄牙语语法:非谓语动词常考的别的组织

在教材当中动词不定式是在哪个地方出现的吧?不定式的用法与考试的地方又是在我们平昔学习中如何不注意中成为历史的呢?未来我们就回顾地来复习一下。

题组织磨练练 用所给动词的适宜形式填空

① (2014 北京, 28) There are still many problems to be solved (solve)
before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon.

②Prices of daily goods bought (buy) through a computer can be lower than
store prices.

(1)疑问词+不定式结构

1.做主语

考场三 非谓语动词作者主语、表语

一、非谓语动词(不定式、动名词)作主语

  1. 不定式、动名词都可作主语, 但动名词作主语多指抽象的、概念性的动作,
    能够是一再的、平日性的行事; 不定式作主语多表示具体的动作,
    特别是某一次的动作。

Playing with fire is dangerous. 玩火危急。(泛指玩火)

To play with fire will be dangerous. 玩火会爆发惊恐。(指二次具体的动作)

  1. 下列句型中常用动名词作者主语。

It is/was no use/good doing sth.

It is/was not any use/good doing sth.

It is/was of little use/good doing sth.

It is/was worth doing sth.

It is worth making an appointment before you go.

去前面约定一下是值得的。

  1. 下列句型中常用不定式作主语。

①It + be + 名词 + to do sth.

②It takes sb. + some time + to do sth.

③It + be + difficult, easy, hard, important, impossible, necessary… +
for sb. + to do sth.

④It + be + careless, clever, good, foolish, honest, kind, lazy, silly,
stupid, wise… + of sb. to do sth.

It’s our duty to take good care of the old. 照顾好前辈是大家的权力和权利。

How long did it take you to finish the work?
你花了多久来形成那项工作?

It is difficult for us to finish writing the composition in an hour.

小编们难以在临小时内产生那篇作文。

It is stupid of you to write down everything (that)the teacher says.
你把导师说的具有东西都记下来是很呆笨的。

二、非谓语动词(不定式、动名词、分词)作表语

  1. 不定式、动名词都可作表语, 但动名词作者表语多指抽象的、概念性的动作,
    能够是频仍的、常常性的一言一行; 不定式作表语多表示具体的动作,
    特别是某一回的动作。

His favorite sport is swimming.

她最欣赏的运动是游泳。(泛指游泳)

Your task today is to wash the curtains.

您明日的职务是洗窗帘。(指三次具体的做事)

  1. 近期分词、过去分词都可作表语, 但将来分词意为:令人……的;
    过去分词意为:认为……的。

The film is exciting. 那部电影动人心弦。

He is excited at the news. 听到那一个音讯他激动不已。

  1. 非谓语动词作者remain 的表语。

remain 作“依旧是” 讲, 前面可加以后分词或过去分词作者表语。

She remained standing though we repeatedly asked her to sit down.
即使大家再而三地请他坐下, 但她照旧站着。

The true author of the book remains unknown.

那本书真的的撰稿人依旧一窍不通。

注意:

remain to be done 表示“仍需去……”。

Much remains to be done. 好些个事仍需去做。

难题词who,what,which,when,where和how后加不定式可整合一种非常的不定式短语。它在句中得以用作主语、宾语、表语和再一次宾语。如:

It took 50 years for 100 million people to listen to the radio. (Book5
Revision Module A)

题组织演练练 用所给动词的适用格局填空

①(2014 山东, 9)It’s standard practice for a company like this one to
employ (employ)a security officer.

②As we joined the big crowd I got separated (separate) from my friends.

③ The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain seated (seat)as
the plane was making a landing.

When to start has not been decided.哪一天动身尚未决定。(主语)

动词不定式做主语时,常用it作情势主语,而将真正的主语放在句末,常用结构为:It

考试的场合四 非谓语动词作者状语

一、不定式、分词作者状语的为主尺度

威澳门尼斯人www997723,不定式、分词作者状语时, 不定式、分词的逻辑主语必需与句子的主语保持一致,
即不定式、分词作者状语必得和语句主语含有逻辑上的积极性或被动关系,
不然相似无法运用不定式、分词作者状语。

二、不定式作状语

  1. 不定式作指标状语

不定式作目标状语的情状很多, 假若重申目标性时, 不定式前还可加in order
或so as, 构成“in order to do”或“so as to do”结构。“in order to
do”结构作目标状语时, 能够放在句首也可放在句中; “so as to
do”结构只可以放在句中。“in order to do”“so as to do”结构置于句中时,
不可能用逗号隔离。

Her mother plans to fly to Beijing at least four times a year (so as/in
order)to visit her. 她阿娘布署每年最少四回飞到东方之珠来看他。

Bob took down my telephone number so as/in order not to forget it.

鲍伯记下了本身的电话号码避防忘记。

  1. 不定式作结果状语

不定式作结果状语常用在下列句式中:so…as to; such…as to; …enough to;
only to(常表暗中提示外的或差强人意的结果); too…to 等。

I’m not so stupid(a fool) as to write it down.

本人未必古板到会把它写下去。

Jane hurried back only to find that her mother had left.

简匆忙赶回来却开采他的阿娘曾经离开了。(表示“意外或白璧微瑕的结果”)

I’m too tired to stay up longer. 小编太累了, 不能够再熬夜了。

注意:在only too…to 结构中, too…to…并不是是“太……而无法……” 之意。此时,
与too… to… 搭配的形容词常见的有pleased, ready, willing, glad, happy
等。

I’m only too glad to have passed the exam.

考试及格了, 笔者特别欢愉。

  1. 不定式作原因状语

形容词作者表语时, 前边可接不定式作原因状语,
用以表达发生这种激情的原因。用于那类结构中的形容词常见的有:happy, glad,
sorry, anxious, proud, disappointed, angry, surprised, ready, delighted,
pleased 等。

You will never know how happy I was to see her yesterday.

你长久不会精通明天看看他时, 小编是何其欢快。

  1. 澳门微尼斯人手机版,在“主语 + 系动词 + 表语(形容词)  + to do” 结构中,
    句子的主语与动词不定式有逻辑上的消沉关系, 且形容词表示主语的特征或品质,
    那时, 需用不定式的积极性格局表示被动意义。该组织中常用的形容词有: easy,
    hard, difficult, important, impossible, interesting, pleasant, nice,
    comfortable, safe, dangerous 等。

This question is easy to answer.

其一难题轻便回答。

This book is difficult to understand. 这本书很难领悟。

三、分词作状语

  1. 分词作者状语时其情势的选取

威澳门尼斯人www997723 1

分词作者状语时其情势的挑三拣四

  1. 分词作者状语的句法功用

分词作者状语时,
能够表时间、原因、结果、条件、妥胁、行为艺术、伴随景况等。为了强调,
还可与while, when, once, if, unless等连词连用。

When offered help, one often says“Thank you”or “It’s kind of
you”.(时间)当被提供协助的时候, 大家常说“Thank you”或“It’s kind of you”。

Separated from other continents for millions of years, Australia has
many animals and plants not found in any other country in the
world.(原因)和任何大五分离了数百万年,
澳国有非常多在世界上任何其他国家都找不到的动物植物物。

Generally speaking, if taken according to the directions, the drug has
no side effect.(条件)

相似的话, 借使遵照表达服用, 这种药未尝副效用。

He glanced at her, noting that though she was tiny, she seemed very
well.(结果)他不放在心上地看了刹那间她, 注意到她即便十分软绵绵弱, 但看起来拾贰分健康。

Having been told many times, he still repeated the same mistake.(让步)

就算被告知过好数十四次了, 但他照旧重复犯同样的失实。

The teacher came into the lab, followed by some students.(伴随)

导师进了实验室, 前边跟着有个别上学的小孩子。

四、独立成分作状语

有一些分词或不定式短语作状语, 其款式的挑选不受上下文的熏陶,
称作独立成分。常见的有:generally speaking 一般的话; frankly speaking
坦白地说; judging from/by…根据……来推断; considering…/taking…into
consideration 牵挂到……; to tell you the truth 说实话; compared to/with
与……比较。

Judging from his accent, he is from Hong Kong.

从口音判定, 他是香港人。

Considering your health, you’d better have a rest.

考虑到您的健康, 你最棒暂息一下。

To tell you the truth, I am a little tired.

说实话, 我有一些累。

五、独立主格结构

非谓语动词作者状语时,
它的逻辑主语应和语句主语保持一致。但一时非谓语动词带有本人的逻辑主语,
在句子中作状语, 大家称为独立主格结构(The Nominative Absolute
Construction)。

单独主格结构的特征:

①单独主格结构的逻辑主语与句子的主语不相同, 它独自存在。

②单独主格结构中作逻辑主语的名词或代词与背后的分词或不定式是逻辑上的积极性或被动关系。

③独自己作主格结构相似有逗号与句子分开。

单身主格结构的构成:

①名词/代词 + 分词;

②名词/代词 + 不定式;

③with/without + 名词/代词 + 分词/不定式。

The test finished(=When the test was finished), we began our holiday.

试验达成后, 大家就从头放假了。

The president assassinated (= Because the president was assassinated),
the whole country was in deep sorrow.

管辖被暗杀了, 全国上下沉浸在悲痛欲绝之中。

Weather permitting (= If weather permits), we are going to visit you
tomorrow.

假诺天气允许, 大家前几天去看你。

I stood before her with my heart beating fast.

自己站在他前面, 心脏跳得不慢。

I don’t know what to do.作者不明了该怎么做。(宾语)

  • be + adj. (+for sb. / of sb。) + to do sth.; It + take + sb. + some
    time + to do sth。

题组织磨练练 用所给动词的恰如其分格局填空

①(2014 天津, 5) Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and
tried it on, only to find (find)it didn’t fit.

②(2014 天津, 7) Clearly and thoughtfully written (write), the book
inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.

③(2014 重庆, 11) Group activities will be organized after class to help
(help)children develop team spirit.

④(2014 福建, 27) Having spent (spend) the past year as an exchange
student in Hong Kong, Linda appears more mature than those of her age.

⑤(2014 江苏, 29) The lecture having been given (give), a lively
question-and-answer session followed.

The difficulty was how to cross the river.不便在于如何过河。(表语)

留意:情势主语结构中只要应用表示人的格调的形容词,如kind, nice,
clever等时,应当采取of sb. 的协会。

考试的地点五 非谓语动词作者补语

一、后接不定式作补语的动词及动词词组

advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, encourage, expect, forbid, force, get,
intend, invite, like, love, order, persuade, prefer, remind, require,
teach, tell, want, warn, wish, wait for, call on, depend on 等。

You are not allowed to smoke here.

此地不容许抽烟。

The doctor warned him not to eat too much meat.

先生告诫她毫不吃太多的肉。

注意:

  1. think, consider, believe, suppose, feel, find, imagine, prove,
    appoint, judge 等后常用“to be…”作宾补/主补。

People considered him to be a great leader.

人人感到他是一个人贤人的带头大哥。

They found the answer to be quite satisfactory.

他俩以为那多少个回答特别让人满足。

Chinese food is considered to be the healthiest in the world.

中餐被以为是社会风气上最健康的。

He imagines himself to be an able man.

她自以为是个能人。

  1. fear, excuse/forgive, refuse, punish, suggest/propose, agree/approve,
    inform, welcome, insist/persist, hope, arrange, demand, thank,
    congratulate, prevent 后不能够用不定式作补语。

二、非谓语动词作者感官动词(词组)、使役动词的宾补

  1. 感官动词(词组) see, watch, observe, look at, notice, hear, listen to,
    feel 的宾语补足语有三种样式, 以see 为例:

see + 宾语 + doing sth. 看见……正做……(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的积极向上关系)

see + 宾语 + do sth. 看见……做了…… (宾语与宾补为逻辑上的能动关系)

see + 宾语 + being done 看见……正在被做 (宾语与宾补为逻辑上的消沉关系)

see + 宾语 + done 看见……被做 ∙∙∙∙∙∙(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的被动关系)

I heard her sing an English song just now.

刚刚自家听到他唱了一首匈牙利(Hungary)语歌。(主动, 达成)

I heard her singing an English song when I passed by her room yesterday.

前天经过他房间时, 作者听见他正在唱一首保加伯明翰语歌。(主动, 正在进行)

I heard an English song being sung by the little girl when I passed by
her room yesterday.

前几天透过她房间时, 小编听到那一个小女孩正在唱一首德文歌。(被动, 正在举办)

I’d like to see the plan carried out.

本身想见见那么些安顿被实施。(被动, 未有一定的时间性)

  1. 使役动词make, let, have, get 后接复合宾语的意况:

(1)

make + 宾语 + do 让……做……(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的主动关系)

make + 宾语 + done 让……被做(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的黯然关系)

He made his workers work 12 hours a day.

他让他的老工大家天天工作12 个刻钟。

He tried to make himself understood.

她尽量把团结的意趣表明清楚了。

(2)

let + 宾语 + do 让……做……(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的积极关系)

let + 宾语 + be done 让……被做(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的低沉关系)

Don’t let your child play with matches.

别让你的孩子玩火柴。

Let the work be done immediately.

行事要及时去做。

(3)

have + 宾语 + do sth. 让……做某一件事 (宾语与宾补为逻辑上的主动关系)

have + 宾语 + doing sth. 使……持续做有些事(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的积极向上关系)

have + 宾语 + done 使……被做(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的低沉关系)

注意:

①have sth. done 还表示“使……遭受……”之意。

Tom had his leg broken while playing football.

汤姆踢足球时弄伤了腿。

Mr. Smith had his house broken into while he was away on holiday.

在史密斯先生外出度假时期, 他家被盗了。

②have sb. doing 常用于否定句中, 在那之中have 有“允许、容忍”之意。

I won’t have you speaking to your dad like that.

自己不允许∙∙∙你和您老爹那么说话。

③have 还可用来have something to do 结构, 该组织中have作“有”讲,
不定式作定语。

I have something urgent to inform you.

自己有的时候不作者待的事要文告你们。

(4)

get + 宾语 + to do sth. 使……做 (宾语与宾补为逻辑上的积极关系)

get + 宾语 + doing sth. 使……做(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的积极向上关系)

get + 宾语 + done 使……被做(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的低落关系)}

He got me to post the letter for him.

她让作者替他寄信。

The captain got the soldiers moving toward the front after a short rest.

平息了一阵子之后, 连长让士兵们朝前线行进起来。

I’ll get my bike repaired tomorrow.

本人前几日要(请人)修一下自己的自行车。

  1. 下列动词(词组)在积极语态中用不带to 的不定式作宾语补足语,
    但在被动语态中要加多to:它们是“吾看三室两厅一感觉”——— 5 看(look at, see,
    watch, notice, observe); 3 使(make, let, have); 2 听(listen to, hear); 1
    认为(feel)。

Someone was heard to come up the stairs.

听到有人上楼了。

三、动词leave, keep, find, catch 及介词with
后加非谓语动词作者复合宾语的意况:

1. 

leave sb./sth. doing sth.
让某个人/物平素处在某种景况(宾语与宾语补足语之间是逻辑上的积极向上关系,
表示动作正在拓宽)

leave sth. undone 留下有些事未做 (宾语与宾语补足语之间是逻辑上的庸庸碌碌关系,
表示被动和成就, 一般以 undone, unfinished, unsettled, untouched 为多)

leave sb. to do sth. 让有些人去做某一件事 (不定式表示以往的动作)

leave sth. to be done 留下某一件事要做(不定式表示以后的动作)

It’s wrong to leave the machine running.

让机器直接运行着是畸形的。(主动, 正在进展)

The guests left most of the dishes untouched, because they

didn’t taste delicious.

大部的菜客大家动都没动, 因为它们不可口。(被动, 实现)

He left, leaving me to do all the rest work.

她走了, 留下本人壹个人去做多余的有着职业。(主动, 以往)

We hurriedly ended our meeting, leaving many problems to be settled.
大家匆匆忙忙地终结了议会, 留下了许多题目等待化解。(被动, 以后)

2. 

keep sb./sth. doing 使某一个人/物一贯做有些事

keep sb./sth. done 使有些人/物被……(表示被动且实现, 或意味着情形)}

Keep the engine running. 别让内燃机熄火。

You should keep me informed of his whereabouts. 你应当让自家询问他的行踪。

3.

find sb. doing 开采某个人正在做某一件事

find sb./sth. done 开采某一个人/物已经……(表完成或状态)

find sb./sth.(to be)…开采有些人/物……

We found him(to be)dishonest. 大家发掘她不诚实。

Often I found her quietly weeping alone.

自己经常发掘他独自默默流泪。

I found him buried in a novel.

作者意识他在埋头读一本散文。

  1. catch sb. doing sth. 撞见某个人正在做某件事。

I caught John reading my private letters.

自小编撞见John在偷窥笔者的私人信件。

5. 

with sb./sth. doing(表主动且实行, 或表特征)

with sth. being done(表被动且实行)

with sth. done (表被动且完结, 或表情状)

with sth. to do(表示以后)}

John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work finished, he
gladly accepted it. John收到了一份宴请函。职业都成功了,
他欣然接受了约请。

With a lot of difficult problems to settle, the newly elected president
is having a hard time.

因为有多数难点要消除, 所以那位新任总理的生活倒霉过。

四、常用不定式作主语补足语的句型

Sb./Sth. be
said/believed/known/supposed/reported/considered/found/thought + to
do/to have done/to be done/to have been done + 其他。

He is said to have gone abroad.(=It is said that he has gone abroad.)

据称她出国了。

Heat is considered to be a form of energy.

热量被看作是一种能量情势。

You’re supposed to pay the bill by Friday.

你应有在周二前结清那笔账。

I can tell you where to get this
book.小编得以告知你哪里能够买到此书。(双重宾语)

例如:It is very brave of her (to help Kylie). (Book4 Module 9 Unit 1)

题组织练习练 用所给动词的恰如其分情势填空

①The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see carried
(carry)out the next year.

②The missing boy was last seen playing (play) near the East Lake.

(注)A.不经常疑问词前可用介词,如:

2.做宾语

I have no idea of how to do it.笔者不知底怎样做这件事。

Jamie Oliver is a young cook who wants to improve school dinners. (Book5
Module 10 Unit 2)

B.动词know前面不能够向来跟不定式作宾语,只可以跟疑问词(如:how,
what)+不定式:

应用不定式做宾语首先要看前边的谓语动词。有个别动词后边只可以用不定式做宾语,如want,
wish, hope, decide, plan, expect, would like等。

While still a young boy, Tom knew to play the piano well and as hegrew
older, he wrote operas, the most famous of which is Carmen.

稍微动词前边能够用不定式也足以用动名词做宾语,含义同样,如like, start,
begin等;有个别动词前边能够用不定式也得以用动名词做宾语,含义分裂,如
stop, remember, forget, try, regret, mean等。

(2)介词except和but作“独有…,只可以…”讲时跟不定式结构(but与不带to的不定式连用)。

花样宾语,结构为:主语+谓语(表示内心活动如:find,think等)+it + adj. +
to do sth。

When the streets are full of melting snow, you cannot help butgetting
your shoes wet.

例如:I find it difficult to learn maths。

(3)不带to的不定式

稍稍动词后加不带to的不定式做宾语,如had better, would rather, would/
could you please, why not, why don’t you等。

1)在代表生理以为的动词后的不定式不带to。那类词有:

复合不定式结构做宾语。

feel觉得observe注意到,看到overhear听到

We wouldn’t know what to do, or how to look after ourselves. (Book4
Module 10 Unit 2)

watch注视listen to听perceive察觉,感知

稳重:复合不定式结构中,要区分what to do和how to do it。

notice注意see看见look

拉开:有个别结构中的to并非不定式的标记而是介词,前面要加名词,代词或动名词。

at看hear听

另外常用动词短语还会有:pay attention to, be/get/become used to,be known
to, be/get married to, see to, belong to等。

On seeing the young child fell into the lake,Eric sprang to his
feet,and went on therescue.

3.做宾语补足语

2)另一类是一些使役动词,如make, let,have等。如:

不定式做宾语补足语与宾语有逻辑上的主谓关系。前面常加不定式做宾语补足语的谓语动词有:tell,
ask, want, allow, get, encourage等。

Let him do it.让她做吧。

在局部使役动词和感官动词后也运用不定式做宾语补足语,但此刻不定式要简明to。有一口诀能够急忙有效回忆这个动词:

I would have you know that I am ill.作者想要你精通自身病了。

四看(see, watch, notice, observe)

(注):

三让(make, let, have)

①上述认为动词与利用动词调换为被动结构时.其后的不定式一般需带to,如:

两听(hear, listen to)

He was seen to come.

一感觉(feel)

The boy was made to go to bed early.

半帮助(help)

②在动词find与help之后,不定式可带to亦可不带to,如:

例如:Hobbies can make you grow as a person, develop your interests and
help you learn new skills. (Book4 Module 1 Unit 2)

He was surprised to find the sheep (to) break fence at this
season.他开采羊在此季节越出栅栏,感觉惊愕。

①静心:当不带to的不定式做宾语补足语后面包车型客车动词变为被动语态时,省略的to要苏醒。

3)在do nothing/anything/everything

例如:People saw him enter the house last night。

but(except)结构中。例如:

变被动 He was seen to enter the house last night。

Last night I did nothing but watch
TV.前几日深夜,作者除了看TV别的什么也绝非干。

②注意:以往分词和不定式做宾语补足语的意义差异。不带to的不定式做宾语补足语,表示曾经产生了的或平日性的动作;未来分词做宾语补足语,表示正在进展着的动作。

可是,要是谓语动词不是“do
nothing,anything,everything”,那么but(except)所跟的不定式则仍须带。

例如:I can even hear the birds singing! (Book4 Module 7 Unit 1)

The doctor told him nothing but to stop
smoking.医务职员除了让她戒烟,其余什么都并没有说。

①拉开:have sth. done
结构中,过去分词做宾语补足语,表示动作由外人完成,含有被动意义且重申动作已经完成。

There was nothing for them to do but to remain
silent.除了保持沉默以外,他们从没别有其余形式。

例如:I had my hair cut yesterday。

(4)不定式与动名词的逻辑主语和分词独立结构

②拉开:除了不定式能够做宾语补足语,形容词和名词等也都能够做宾语补足语。

1)不定式的逻辑主语为:for +名词(或代词宾格)+不定式。举例:

例如:They both act well in this film, and make their characters
believable. (Book4 Module 6 Unit 2)

I found it impossible for him to do the job
alone.笔者发觉她—个人干那活是不恐怕的。

Dr. Bethune’s work with the Chinese soldiers made him a hero in China.
(Book4 Module 9 Unit 2)

(注)在象征人物性情、天性等的形容词前边,常用of引出不定式的逻辑主语。比如:

4.做状语

It was wise of him to do that.他那样做是明智的。

伊夫ryone is surprised to see him but they’re also pleased to see him
alive. (Book5 Module 2 Unit 2) 原因状语

2)动名词的逻辑主语为;①人称代词的全数格+动名词;②名词’s+动名词。比方:

Sun Haiping used the information to change Liu’s training programme.
(Book5 Module 3 Unit 2) 目标状语

汤姆 insisted on my going with them.他坚定不移要自己和他们一块去。

I looked carefully over them, but it was still too dark to see anything.
(Book5 Module 1 Unit 2) 结果状语

He dislikes his wife’s working late.他不希罕他老婆工作得很晚。

5.做定语

3)有些形容词,如:careless等不定式后得以加of来指导出其论理主语。这类词主要有:absurd,
bold, brave,